Samuel Johnson LL.D. (18 September 1709 [OS 7 September] – 13 December 1784), often referred to as Dr. Johnson, was an English writer who made lasting contributions to English literature as a poet, essayist, moralist, literary critic, biographer, editor and lexicographer.
Johnson is a surname of English and Scottish origin. The name itself is a patronym of the given name John, literally meaning "son of John". The name John derives from Latin Johannes, which is derived through Greek Ἰωάννης Iōannēs from Hebrew יוחנן Yohanan, meaning "Yahweh has favoured".
A patronymic surname from John + -son, literally son of John. For an etymology of John, see the Wiktionary definition of John, or the Wikipedia article on John (name). In the U.S. the name Johnson has been adopted by numerous immigrant families originally named Johansson, Johnsson, Johansen...
English names are names used in, or originating in, England. In England as elsewhere in the English-speaking world, a complete name usually consists of a given name, commonly referred to as a first name or Christian name, and a (most commonly patrilineal) family name or surname...